Connoisseurs of home flowers of Kalanchoe can be compared with violet breeders: these low succulents make up rich collections because the variety of forms makes it possible to include this pottery culture, like violets, in any floral arrangements. Moreover, in addition to decorative qualities, Kalanchoe has healing properties, and they are different for each species.
Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe) belongs to the family Crassulaceae. Homeland – tropics of Africa, Southeast Asia, the island of Madagascar.
The genus has about 200 plant species. His relatives are stonecrop (rabbit cabbage) and Rhodiola Rosea (golden root). The Latin name of the plant is pinnatum, which means cirrus. The people often call the plant a room doctor or second ginseng, despite the fact that there is a significant difference between the appearance of these plants.
Kalanchoe is very unusual. This is one of the few medicinal plants that can be grown at home. Kalanchoe also looks very impressive as a decorative decoration for your home, no worse than any other flower you have grown.
The first mention of Kalanchoe is found in semi-decayed records of medicinal plants dated to the beginning of the 18th century. They led scientists to the idea that the Kalanchoe flower was brought to us by Russian merchants. By the way, one of the merchants in the ship’s journal recorded a very interesting story of the healing of a Russian sailor who fell ill with a rare form of tropical fever. The sick sailor was removed from the ship on one of the islands off the coast of South Africa and left in the care of local residents. A month later, a completely healthy sailor boarded a ship loaded with various goods. His pockets were stuffed with thick-skinned leaves, which the sailor chewed and called them “Kalanch,” which, translated from the language of the natives, means nothing more than health.
Perhaps this story was the beginning of a new life for this amazing plant, not only in the tropics but on the territory of our country.
Kalanchoe belongs to the genus of tropical succulent (i.e. succulent) plants from the family Crassulaceae. In Russia there are “relatives” of Kalanchoe, that is, plants from the same family Crassulaceae, but more tolerant of our climatic conditions. It was young, Rhodiola, a stonecrop. But unlike Kalanchoe, none of the above plants has such a number of medicinal properties.
Kalanchoe with great success bred in greenhouses and at home. Only, probably, few people know that in fact there are more than 100 species of this plant. And only one – biofilm – is considered medicinal and decorative. The remaining species only resemble the Kalanchoe officinalis.
That is why disputes so often arise around the plant whether the plant really has healing properties.
Sometimes housewives cultivate the wrong kind of Kalanchoe and, completely in the dark, bury completely useless juice in the noses of their children. Of course, there will be no harm from this, since Kalanchoe is not among the poisonous plants. Some of them even taste good and are eaten. But if you seriously decided to grow medicinal Kalanchoe, you need to know that the only one that will not only decorate your home but also help with the first signs of cold and other diseases, is Kalanchoe pinnate. The plant owes its name to its leaves, which resemble feathers.
The description of the flower Kalanchoe officinalis (cirrus) is similar to some other species: it has a thick fleshy stem and the same leaves pointed at the ends. A “path” of small drop-shaped processes filled with moisture passes along the edge of the sheet. Healthy Kalanchoe should be saturated light green in color. A large amount of moisture – Kalanchoe juice – instantly accumulates at the place where the stem or leaf breaks. At home, the medicinal plant of Kalanchoe usually grows no more than 35-50 centimeters. But in greenhouses where special conditions are created, the plant can grow much taller and larger.
The peculiarity of accumulating moisture in Kalanchoe is due to the special structure of the aquifer tissue, which is responsible for its distribution. The stems and leaves are covered with a thick film of a waterproof substance that prevents moisture from evaporating. This feature allows the plant to survive during periods of tropical drought.
By the way, resistance to moisture evaporation processes was used with great success by local tribes. Succulent shoots of Kalanchoe could quench thirst. Some varieties of Kalanchoe have a very pleasant, slightly sour taste. Such juice could support the strength of a tired traveler.
The healing properties of the Kalanchoe flower are especially active when healing various cuts and abrasions, especially on the sluggish, weakened regenerative function of the skin.
During long hikes, travelers often resorted to Kalanchoe. They could not only quench their thirst. Fleshy, for lack of water, clean Europeans rubbed their hands before eating. Corn juice was wetted with the juice of Kalanchoe, the pulp of this plant was applied to purulent non-healing wounds. Kalanchoe leaflets chewed at the first sign of malaise.
In short, the healing properties of the Kalanchoe plant are well known. By the way, this particular feature is used in modern pharmacology in the manufacture of various antimicrobial agents.
Given the increased sensitivity of many people to antibiotics, Kalanchoe should be given special importance. To avoid allergic manifestations, it is better to use Kalanchoe juice in the early stages of the disease.
Those who decide to be treated with Kalanchoe juice have no choice but to grow this plant themselves. Based on the fact that the plant is tropical, we can conclude that he loves the warmth and a lot of light. Try to create conditions for him at home, it is not so difficult. Just place a flower pot on the south side of the room or where there is more light.
Many completely mistakenly classify Kalanchoe as non-flowering plants, although such, in principle, do not exist. In its homeland, Kalanchoe blooms in late summer and early autumn. At this time, fragrant flowers appear on it.
If you are able to create the same plant Kalanchoe the same conditions in which he lived in his homeland, he will certainly please you with magnificent flowering. But even if this does not happen, in no case do not despair. Indeed, the lack of flowers does not affect healing properties.
By the way, growing and caring for Kalanchoe at home is useful not only because it can be treated. It turns out that Kalanchoe absorbs all harmful radiation, which accumulates in abundance in your rooms as a result of using household appliances. It is especially useful to put pots of Kalanchoe next to the TV. Absorbing all harmful radiation, the plant does not release them back thanks to a special substance that covers it and does not allow moisture to evaporate.
POTTED KALANCHOE CARE
When buying a flowering plant, be prepared for the fact that in a year it will become larger, stop flowering, the shape of its leaves will change. These are understandable processes, but if you are still a little upset, we can offer a way to avoid an undesirable transformation. How to care for a houseplant Kalanchoe at home so that it does not lose its decorative qualities?
The first thing that must be done is to cut off all the flower stalks immediately after flowering and pinch off the shoots that have grown in growth. If new shoots begin to grow from the pinching place, they also need to be pinched at the level of the third pairs of leaves. And so until November, with the advent of which Kalanchoe should be exposed, where it should remain for 8 hours a day. Then, when caring for Kalanchoe, it is covered with a pot with an opaque cardboard cap and left for a month in a cool, dry place. During this period, buds should appear, after which the cap can be removed.
As you can see, it is not difficult to take care of a houseplant Kalanchoe. But remember that any plant purchased in a store must be transplanted into soil specially designed for this species. Kalanchoe prefers soil with a small admixture of sand and pebbles.