Coelogyne (Coelogyne) is a type of orchid that is part of the Orchid family.
The birthplace of this plant in Southeast Asia, the Himalayas.
The first mention of this plant dates back to 1824, it was discovered in the Nepal mountains. Often a flower can be found on islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Now the plant is often used as an indoor plant.
Tselogina – the name of an orchid, from Greek literally translates as “a hollow ovary.” The word consists of two Greek Koilos and June. The first in translation means – a deepening, a cavity. The second word translates as “feminine”.
Description of the Coelogin Orchid
Coelogin is most often an epiphytic orchid. This means that it grows on tree trunks and branches. In addition, there are lithophytes – these are flowers that grow on the slopes of mountains, rocks.
There are also land-based species.
The description of the plant is as follows: the leaves are leathery, up to 25-30 cm long. The stems are round, cylindrical, extending from the rhizome bearing oval or almost round pseudobulbs. Inflorescences are multiflorous.
The leaves of the plant have an elongated oval shape, can be placental or strap-shaped, with a pointed end. The color of the leaf can be from bright green to saturated emerald. The width of the leaf is 3-5 cm, the length can reach 30 cm. Each leaf is attached to the fleshy, short stalk.
Principles of care for colefin
With proper care at home, the flowering colegin will fall in the cold season. Also in the wild, the plant blooms in winter (from October to December) or in spring (from January to April) depending on the species.
Basic principles of proper care:
- Coelogin grows well in bright rooms without direct sun.
- Try to maintain an air temperature of 20-24 ° C.
- After flowering, provide the plant with lower temperatures, about 15 °C heat.
- Maintain air humidity above 50%.
- Once a month (excluding the dormant period), the colegin is fed with fertilizers for orchids.
- Water the plant only with filtered, rain or meltwater.
- The transplant takes place annually in the spring.
The coelogin orchid requires special care! During the growing period, watering is plentiful. The substrate should not dry out. In no case should you water the plant in the usual way? The pot with the plant must be placed in a container of water for 20 minutes, then carefully returned to its place.
Once a month they feed the plant with a solution of mineral fertilizers. You should regularly spray the plant, preventing water from getting on the pseudobulbs and flowers.
It is important to choose the right substrate – only very light is used.
Planting and caring for a cochin orchid is almost the same as for the other species of the orchid family. The plant is planted in an orchid basket or in a pot, always with a large number of additional holes. It is these holes that allow water to penetrate into the substrate and the roots of the orchid when watering.
From May to September, abundantly watered with settled water at room temperature. In winter, watering is reduced.
Types of Coelogin Orchids
There are 120 different species in total, but people have cultivated only a few, which are the most unpretentious in their care.
Each species has its own requirements for environmental conditions. So, coelogins are divided into two main groups.
Mountain species, including combed colegin and bearded colegin, require a cool (10 ° С) content during the rest period. They are not particularly worried about humidity, but they need constant fresh air. In adulthood, they can reach large sizes, so there can be no talk of orchidaria. They feel best at extremes of night and day temperatures.
The second group includes “southern” coelogins from Indochina and the islands of the Indian Ocean, the care of which is not so difficult. They are considered promising since it is not so difficult for them to create a period of rest. In addition, they have very large flowers.
Reproduction occurs by dividing the rhizome in the spring. The main rule is that in each segment there should be 2-3 pseudobulbs. Reproduction must be carried out immediately after the end of the dormant period.
If it is not possible to divide the rhizome manually, you need to take a sharp, disinfected knife and cut it. Then sprinkle the slice with charcoal or activated charcoal and be sure to let it dry.
With the right transplant, orchids will bloom in one to two years.