The flower of Wallot, like its close “relative” amaryllis, are ornamental plants that are actively used as bright accents to create beautiful floral compositions. This plant has both garden and indoor forms, and in both cases the culture is characterized by persistent and abundant flowering, requiring abundant watering during budding.
Plant Wallot (Valletta) belongs to the family Amaryllidaceae. Homeland – southwest Africa (Cape region).
An unpretentious plant with a pronounced seasonal rhythm of growth, which primarily depends on irrigation. In-room culture, the Wallot flower has been known since the 17th century. Bulbs imported from South Africa. The most famous species are V. purpurea and V. beautiful – (V. speciosa). Among modern varieties, there are white, pink, red with a contrasting white “eye” in the center, varieties that vary greatly in the size of the flower and the plant as a whole.
Indoor Plant Vallota Purple and Beautiful: Description
Bulbs on the wallota are large, ovoid. Leaves are belt-shaped, up to 30 cm long. Peduncle up to 40 cm high, carries up to 8 crimson-red flowers. There are forms with white and salmon flowers. The flower stays on the peduncle for up to 7 days. The fruit is a small box with small black seeds.
In the culture, the species is used: V. beautiful (V. speciosa), a variety with pink flowers ‘Pink Diamond’ and ‘V. purple’ is bred.
Wallot purpurea (Vallota purpurea). The bulb is elongated-ovate, with brown integument scales reddish at the root neck, which is a characteristic feature that distinguishes it visually from the bulbs of other amaryllis plants.
The leaves are dark green, similar to amaryllis leaves, but more elegant, thinner, smaller in size. Indoor plant Vallota blooms purple in August and secondly in January with purple or bright red large bell-shaped flowers.
Flowers of 2-6 pieces, sometimes of 8, are located on low (up to 30 cm) peduncles. For secondary flowering, plants must go through a dormant period from October to December.
Vallota beautiful (Vallota speciosa). Homeland – humid subtropics of South Africa. Bulbous perennial plant. The description of the bulb is almost the same as that of c. purplish: ovoid, with brown membranous outer scales. Flowers 3–9 in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence on a hollow leafless peduncle up to 40 cm tall. At the base of the inflorescence 2 large bracts of scales.
The fruit is a box with flat black seeds. The leaves are dark green, reddish at the base, belt-shaped or linear, up to 60 cm long and 3 cm wide. Leaves are not discarded. It blooms in summer-autumn.
This plant is neither magical nor medicinal, but surprisingly beautiful. Its soft vibrations are conducive to relaxation and good mood.
Softens relaxes a person, relieves him of the nervous tension of a working day, leads away from heavy thoughts, inclines to rest. And to active rest. Creates a healthy energy atmosphere in your home. That is, under the influence of the wallot, a person can usefully engage in any business. For example, while relaxing in a chair, at the same time knit socks or a lace napkin. In addition, while resting, a person is gradually gaining strength. Vallota charges him with healthy vitality and a willingness to continue working.
Wallot Care at Home
The indoor plant wallota feels great in an apartment. Vallota is a photophilous plant, so it should be placed near windows facing south or west. Although wallot and photophilous, it also tolerates shading.
The most suitable room temperature is 17-19 ° C. In summer, the plant needs fresh air, so it is recommended to take it to the balcony or to the garden. Vallota does not have a period of complete rest; she does not discard leaves. From November to December, you should lower the room temperature to 16–18 ° C and place the plant on the northwest window.
When caring for Wallot in summer, the pots are taken out to fresh air, but in no case are they planted in open ground, since at the end of the season the plant will have to be replanted again, which is undesirable. Like many plants that store water and nutrients in the roots, valotta does not tolerate frequent transplants.
The substrate must be prepared from sheet and turf soil and sand (2: 1: 1).
When caring for wallot at home in the summer, the plant is watered abundantly, in winter moderately. The lower the temperature, the less watering.
Before the flowering period, more abundant watering is required, after setting the buds, the soil must have time to dry out, so watering should be moderate.
Fertilizing fertilizers for indoor flowers is carried out every 15-20 days from early spring to autumn. After fertilizing, the flowering of the wallota is enhanced.
Withered leaves and flowers should be cleaned regularly, and healthy ones should be wiped with a damp sponge or soft cloth so that the plant breathes.
Note. Walotte leaves the loss of leaves is very painful, although, while maintaining viability, it can exist for a long time in a dried state.
Once in 3-4 years, a transplant is performed. When planting, the bulb should rise by a third above the surface of the soil.
The main pests are scale insects and aphids. Spotting may appear on the leaves of the plant, in which the leaves become covered with brown or black spots and fall off.
Reproduction is done by daughter bulbs that appear around an adult plant. Propagated during transplantation. So that the mother’s bulb does not deplete, the children should be separated from time to time, planting in new pots. Small bulbs must be carefully separated from the mother and planted one by one in pots with a diameter of about 12 cm, tightly pressing into the ground.
And if all other amaryllis babies break through the covers of the bulb at the base, then Valletta forms special “legs” hidden inside the bulb, which “push” the baby from the mother’s bulb up.
Bulbs-children are planted in a mixture of the leaf, hummus, sod land (4: 2: 1) mixed with sand and bone meal. When planting, the bulb should 1/3 rise above the soil in the pot. In winter, in the first year of life, young plants can do without a dormant period, which will allow the bulbs to quickly gain the size necessary for flowering.
Propagated by wallot and seeds, however, in this case, the seedlings bloom only in the 5th year.